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bling bijoux Diva

Crystals on my cell phone
Amethyst on my wrist
Pailette beads on my shoe tips
You know I can't resist

Everyone says I'm a Diva
'Cause shiny is my thing
But I'm not one for labels
I just love good b l i n g




Fall / Winter 2011/2012



There are few dependable "green lights" for the economy or consumer confidence going forward--though "green shoots" of hope will appear here and there.
Envisioning where and when they will spring up is the object of passionate study.
A variety of disciplines must be called upon to focus our vision of the future

Science will continue to develop new materials and finishes in the form of forward-looking technologies.
And the spiritual realm will continue to exert its less definable but equally powerful influences.

Romance, frequently in the form of historical novels, will invite us to draw from the deep wells of the past.
Journal writing will encapsulate the present with its attempt to capture the nuances of personal experience.

Farmers' almanacs will rely on folk wisdom's combination of the tried and true and the intuitive logic of nature.
And manifesto will attempt to channel the future through the force and brilliance of the human intellect.

Combine them all and we may arrive at a perfect combination of everything that is human.

PANTON
13-3805
Orchid Hush, Clever, Fervent, Impetuous
PANTON
17-2031
Fuchsia Rose, Sensual, Exciting, Festive
PANTON
12-0642
Aurora, Exhilarating, Optimistic, Luminous
PANTON
15-0543
Apple Green, Awake, Thriving, Quick
PANTON
18-3949
Dazzling Blue, Energizing, Futuristic, Dynamic
PANTON
17-6030
Jelly Bean, Concentrated, Animated, Theatrical
PANTON
19-4524
Shaded Spruce, Subliminal, Innate, Extrasensory
PANTON
18-3331
Hyacinth Violet, Imaginative, Witty, Young
PANTON
19-3938
Twilight Blue, Profound, Consistent, Knowing
PANTON
19-4015
Blue Graphite, Observant, Ever-Present, Inescapable


It's not enough to survive or even to control: we want to understand, too.
Formal religion has lost some of its luster in recent years--but spiritual inquiry continues.
Individualistic contemplation leaves behind stained glass and prayer books and looks towards the most ancient spirituality we know of: fire worship.

Copper, apricot orange, golden apricot, sun orange, burnt ochre and aurora red capture the colors of fire--treasured for warmth, a sense of protection and the promise of enlightenment.
Smoke pine and red mahogany promise life and health.
Brown stone and licorice hint at what Is left when the fire goes out: dirt and soot.

PANTON
16-1325
Copper, Charming, Agreeable, Advanced
PANTON
17-1353
Apricot Orange, Ripe, Ready, Receptive
PANTON
14-1041
Golden Apricot, Luminous, Inquisitive, Positive
PANTON
16-1257
Sun Orange, Regal, Inspiring, Powerful
PANTON
19-1521
Red Mahogany, Supportive, Warm, Rooted
PANTON
18-1354
Burnt Ochre, Visionary, Prophetic, All-Seeing
PANTON
18-1550
Aurora Red, Exciting, Impulsive , Passionate
PANTON
18-5718
Smoke Pine, Reliable, Unwavering, Abiding
PANTON
19-1322
Brown Stone, Original, Evolved, Essential
PANTON
19-1102
Licorice, Stirring, Vital, Striking


If you don't know your history, your future cannot be bright.
So we look to historic dramas of love and conflict to help us see our present in a different light.
A generous dusting of gold, especially when layered over reds and plums, brings old glories to the fore--and reminds us that there was a time before machines.
A time when things looked beautiful because they were made by skilled hands, each with their own histories.
Nuance and subtlety are part of the picture here.

A trio of reds establishes the romance palette.
Persian red, with its hint of blue, brings a sense of mystery and passion.
Ribbon red's clearer tone speaks of riches and power.
And chili pepper's warm personality encourages warmth and comfort.
Layered over and around the reds, champagne beige and pale gold become luxurious neutrals.
Traditional neutrals of wind chime, jet black and turkish coffee are equally sumptuous in their own ways.

Burlwood and plum wine bring layers of unexpected feeling to the palette.
Are they serious or sexy? It depends on the way they are combined.
Kombu green can be as bold and important as the reds, but is to be used sparingly like precious serpentine jade.

PANTON
14-4002
Wind Chime, Mature, Strong, Talented
PANTON
14-1012
Champagne Beige, Striking, Radiant, Attentive
PANTON
19-1860
Persian Red, Cherished, Loving, Adored
PANTON
19-1663
Ribbon Red, Happy, Fulfilled, Celebratory
PANTON
15-0927
Pale Gold, Generous, Consoling, Insightful
PANTON
17-1516
Burlwood, Rueful, Tender, Hesitant
PANTON
19-1557
Chili Pepper, Deep, Sophisticated, Multicultural
PANTON
18-1411
Plum Wine, Passionate, Robust, Artistic
PANTON
19-0417
Kombu Green, Assured, Content, Steady
PANTON
19-0812
Turkish Coffee, Plausible, Intense, Practical


Spring / Summer 2012




Birthstones and their association to the monthly calendar

In 1912 a jewelers association published a standardized list of gemstones which is still used up to this day:
Since the Eighteenth Century, gemstones have been assigned to the specific calendar months.
The Europeans, beginning in Poland, wore a different Gemstone for every month of the year.
This meant that everyone had to possess twelve Gemstones.
Later on, they only wore the Gemstone that represented their birthmonth.
This tradition is still used currently.

The gemstones representing each month had many different facets.
The gemstones were named firstly because of the color they had.

Relationship between gemstones and the monthly calendar

 MonthGemstone
 JanuaryGarnet
 FebruaryAmethyst
 MarchAquamarine, Jasper
 AprilDiamond
 MayEmerald
 JuneAlexandrite, Pearl, Moonstone
 JulyRuby
 AugustPeridot, Sardonyx
 SeptemberSapphire
 OctoberOpal, Rose Tourmaline
 NovemberTopaz
 DecemberTurquoise, Zirkonia

The most important cuts of gemstones:

Gemstones have lots of various cuts.
Nowadays more progressive cuts are being used, which of course is related to changing fashion trends.
In the table below you will find the most common ones.

Antique Cut Diamond Cut Trillion Cut
Baguette Cut Briolette Cut Six sided Cut
Heart shape Cut Hexagon Cut Round shape Cut
Navette (Marquise) Cut Oval Cut Triangle Cut
Teardrop Cut Octagon Cut



Gemstones

If you were looking for a specific gemstone and it wasn't listed below, please contact me to get further information:  here

Blue Agate: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
If blue is your color (it is "the color" for millions), the jewelry you create with this vibrant sky blue agate will be a "must have." In its natural form, agate--especially South American agate--is often grey. The art of dyeing agate has been a closely guarded secret that's been perfected in Idar-Oberstein, Germany, one of the most important centers for cutting and dyeing since the early 16th century. With this brilliant blue, they've outdone themselves. Blue is associated with truth, loyalty and reliability. Its importance for healing has been recognized since the Golden Age of Greece. It was revered in ancient Indian and Chinese civilizations. Today, healers who work with color use blue stones for diagnosing and treating throat-related problems. And poise and serenity have always been associated with blue light. Even the expression "feeling blue" comes from blue's cool, sedative effect. No wonder even people who don't "love blue" are drawn to people who do.

Amazonite: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
A Brazilian legend boasts of the Amazon people giving ''green stones'' to the visitors of the region. Europeans were already familiar with green microcline (my-krO-kline) from Russia and assumed the blue-green rock given to them by the Indians of South America was the same stone. As it turns out, Amazonite is not found in the Amazon Basin and the legend was most likely referring to Nephrite (jade). It is believed that Amazonite was first called ''Amazon Stone,'' and was later changed to amazonite. Amazonite is said to have a soothing effect on the nervous system. Since the nervous system controls our emotions a great deal, this stone is said to soothe tense and aggravated situations and enhance love. Since this stone is associated with the throat and heart, it is best when worn as a necklace near these areas. Amazonite is said to bestow truth, honor and integrity to its wearer.

Amethyst: History/BackgroundMetaphysical/Healing Properties
Leonardo Da Vinci once wrote that amethyst holds the power to dissipate evil thoughts and quicken one’s intelligence. Healers have been using amethyst to increase their psychic abilities and intuition for centuries. Cross-culturally, this popular gemstone was used as a symbol of peace and unification. It is also thought to evoke feelings of serenity and calmness in those who wear it. Amethyst is often used during meditation to provide an overall sense of spiritual balance. Some naturopaths will use amethyst to help treat insomnia and sugar imbalances, and to relieve headaches. Amethyst is a naturally-occurring, macrocrystalline (meaning large crystal formations) variety of quartz. Geodes containing amethyst crystals are formed when clay, silt, sand or gravel are deposited and compacted by running water. Some of the largest amethyst geodes have been found in Brazil. Other locations where amethyst is mined include Sri Lanka, India, Uruguay, Madagascar, Germany, Australia, Mexico, Africa, Russia and the United States. Were amethyst less abundant, it would be even more highly-prized -- and expensive!

Aquamarine: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Aquamarine is sister to the emerald and other rare varieties of the mineral species, beryl (pronounced bare-UL). Aquamarine is found in underground caves and fissures growing inside crystals with knifelike edges that can reach 3 to 4 feet in height. The intoxicating blue-green color comes from concentrations of metallic ions the crystals absorb as they grow. The amount of ions present and where they are located within the crystals determine the stone's natural color, which can range from pale green to varied shades of blue. In ancient times, aquamarine was thought to protect those at sea. It was believed to make sailors fearless and safe from adversaries on the open waters. Aquamarine is derived from the Latin word, aqua marina, meaning ''sea water,'' and dates as far back as 480 BC when it was considered the ''treasure of the mermaids'' because the stone's power was believed to increase when submerged in water. During the Middle Ages, it was believed that the wearer would be granted foresight and freedom from insomnia. Today, aquamarine is still thought to bring protection to those at sea and is a popular gift among ocean travelers. On land, it is believed to have soothing effects on couples, helping them to work through their differences and ensure a long and happy marriage (interestingly, aquamarine is the anniversary gemstone for the 16th and 19th years of marriage). It is also considered to be the stone of courage and preparedness, and is believed to help maintain balance and order. Aquamarine is often used as a ''good luck'' stone, thought to bring feelings of peace, love, joy and happiness to those who wear it.

Aventurine: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Its glistening effect comes from the small inclusions of shiny minerals. It was named for aventura, a type of Italian glass found by accident about 1700. Most aventurine is quartz, but the orange and red-brown shades (aventurine feldspar) are called sunstone. Many consider the green aventurine to be the most desirable. Shortly after she started wearing an aventurine necklace regularly, a close friend got a job offer she wanted but never expected. She loaned her necklace to another friend who was going on vacation. That friend came back with a new love interest. While neither of them gave aventurine all the credit, they both said they felt different when they were wearing the necklace. It was as if a secret dream that had felt out of reach was worth pursuing and could actually happen. That's the power of aventurine. Though there isn't a "d" in the word, when you see aventurine think "adventure." Think optimism. Think bountiful. Think practical enthusiasm. All are ingredients for adventure. If you long for change, aventurine is for you. It keeps various chakras open and unblocked, allowing good things to come your direction.

Carnelian: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Named after the red-orange Kornel cherry, carnelian was believed by the Romans to be a stone of courage--able to shore up confidence and strength. In ancient Egypt, the stone was placed on mummies to assist the dead in their journey to the afterlife. Carnelian is a variety of chalcedony and is a micro-crystalline quartz. It appears in a vibrant range of fire-orange reds to brown-reds and has a dull, waxy luster (as opposed to the vitreous quality of crystal quartzes such as amethyst). The reddish tints in the translucent stone are due to one of its ingredients: iron oxide. From antiquity, carnelian has been worn in cameos in the belief that it will ward off insanity and depression. In contemporary times, carnelian is thought by some to enhance self esteem, to combat feelings of inadequacy, and to increase physical energy. In the home, it is sometimes used as a talisman to protect against fire and misfortune. Carnelian is associated with the solar plexus chakra (the yellow chakra), in which imbalances are thought to cause digestive problems, as well as lack of confidence.

Citrine: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
From the earliest of times, citrine was called the "sun stone" and the gemstone was thought capable of holding sunlight and useful in the protection from snakebite. Its color was associated with gold and it became known as the merchant’s stone. It was thought to improve communication and to attract wealth. To the Romans, it was the stone of Mercury, the messenger god, and it was used for carving intaglios. Citrine is a macrocrystalline form of quartz, as are amethyst, aventurine and rose quartz. It is a mineral based on silicon dioxide. The color of the solar plexus chakra is yellow, so citrine is associated with this chakra. It is thought to have a positive influence that can relieve backache, and combat depression and problems with the liver, spleen, digestive system and the bladder. Some believe that the gemstone can help promote prosperity.

Emerald: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
You know how you feel when you've been in the city too long-all that concrete, glass, brick and metal? If you discover a park full of lush green trees, grass and foliage, you immediately feel better. It's why people have always gone to the country to convalesce from illness. It's why the words "He maketh me to lie down in green pastures" from the 23rd Psalm are so comforting. It's why spring lifts our spirits. The vibrant green stone is a sage stone. Emerald revitalizes us and restores balance. It heals old wounds. When we're confused or troubled, it helps us cut through to the truth. Don't wait until you're completely frazzled by life. Do the wise thing- wear emeralds today, tomorrow and always.

Garnet: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
It was said that Noah guided the ark by the light of a garnet lantern during the rain and darkness of the deluge. The stone was later used by travelers as a charm to ward off accidents and it was worn by the crusaders as an aid to safely find their way home. In Eastern Europe, garnets were worn to guard against vampires. In the 18th and 19th centuries, perfectly transparent garnet became the height of jewelry fashion. The name comes from the Latin granum for "seed-like," as it was thought that red garnets resembled pomegranate seeds. Garnet is a blood red gemstone called pyrope, a complex silicate, but the term also refers to almandine and spessartite (which have very similar chemical compositions and can appear in a large range of colors: green-yellow-orange-violet-red). Garnet's deep wine color is due to its content of iron and chromium. Garnet has always been considered insurance for travelers against misfortune. Likewise, some believe that it is useful in warding off bad dreams and as protection from theft. The stone is thought to attract love and soul mates and to enhance creativity. Garnet has been associated with the root, or red chakra; imbalances of which are said to be responsible for anxiety, irritable bowel and lack of energy.

Jade: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Imagine white ice with the faint color of mint blended through it. Imagine someone with the tiniest fingers carving that greenish ice into a variety of beads: round, crow, wheels and circles. These hand-carved, highly polished beads are imported from northern China where jade, regarded as the most precious stone, has been meticulously carved into mystical figures and symbols for centuries. Jade may be either nephrite or jadeite, with most jadeite coming from Burma. "Stir" these beads like tiny ice cubes into your jewelry to cool warmer colors. Or mix them with other white beads for a tingly winter wonderland feeling all year round. The Chinese have traditionally believed that jade increases energy and prolongs life. Like a skim of ice over a mountain stream, green-white jade reminds us that there is more to life and to who we are than what we see on the surface. Something powerful and beautiful is moving inside us. Jade gives balance to what we see (body) and what we don't see (spirit), so each revitalizes the other.

Jasper: Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Jasper motivates us to move out of apathy into action. It helps us avoid over-thinking and encourages us to just enjoy the experience of living. Zebra jasper's striking colors intensify that message. Like the swift, wild horse for which it's named, it shows us how to live. It says: Get out of your head! Get into your body. Let the zest for life flow through you. If you feel like galloping, then gallop!

Labradorite: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
If raindrops were drops of labradorite, at the first hint of rain, people would rush out with buckets to catch this soft grey/blue stone with lustrous blues and greens flashing inside it. Also called spectrolite, it is named for Labrador, the Canadian peninsula where it was first found in 1770. It is also located in Mexico, Russia and Finland. You'll love the cabochons set open backed so the light can illuminate them. Or combine the beads with sterling silver beads or liquid silver for a necklace that will remind you of a shimmering fountain with the sun's rays igniting green and blue sparks in the droplets. Labradorite is a tremendously spiritual stone. When I think of labradorite, I think of "labor." It is especially helpful for people who tend to overwork. It helps us regain our energy and aids our bodies and spirits in healing themselves. If you practice meditation (or would like to), focusing on labradorite can help you enter and maintain the meditative state. Like the sound and glistening beauty of a gentle rain, this gemstone quiets us physically, emotionally and spiritually.

Lapis Lazuli: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Since the earliest of times, lapis lazuli has been associated with strength and courage. The Sumerians believed that the spirit of their gods lived within the stone. That theme was adopted by the ancient Egyptians, who drew a connection between the speckling of the stone and the glittering stars in the night sky. One of the most famous uses of the stone is in the mask of King Tutankhamen, where it is inlaid with turquoise and carnelian in bright gold. It was used by European artists during the Middle Ages, ground as pigment for producing the color aquamarine. From antiquity, lapis lazuli has been worn in the belief that it will ward off evil. In ancient Egypt, it was powdered and worn about the eyes to improve eyesight. Today, it is considered by some to be an aid to balancing the brow chakra (which influences vision and hearing). Imbalances of the brow (or blue) chakra are said to cause headaches, anxiety and disorders of the skin.

Malachite: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Malachite probably derives its name from either Greek malhe, meaning grass for its green color or Greek malakos, meaning soft because the stone lends itself well to being carved. With its concentric, eye-like rings of green that mimic the eye of a peacock feather, this stone has captured the imagination of many cultures for ages, and has been described by poets as spring grass swaying in the wind. The first culture to use malachite for adornment was ancient Egypt around 4,000 BC. The Egyptians used malachite as an ornamental stone in jewelry and art. The stone was imported from King Solomon's infamous copper mines on the Red Sea. Archeologists have found Egyptian tomb paintings using malachite gemstones that had been ground into paint that colored the walls. It was also ground into a fine dust and mixed with galena, a thick paste used to make kohl, on slate palettes to be painted onto eyelids as a cosmetic and talisman against evil. Vivid green malachite kohl is believed to be Cleopatra's favorite cosmetic, and she was buried with a large vase of it for use in her afterlife. Malachite also played an important role in European paintings during the Renaissance period of the 15th and 16th centuries as a pigment for paints and dyes. It is believed that many of the green colors found in Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel painting were painted with malachite-based oil paints. One of the most common uses of malachite from the medieval through the Victorian times was to hang small pieces of malachite dangled from baby cribs and children's beds to help keep evil at bay, and to help children have peaceful sleep. It was the Russian Romanov dynasty, however, that really made malachite synonymous with outlandish luxury. High quality malachite, discovered in 1635 in the foothills of the Urals, had become very fashionable for jewelry by 1820 and was frequently paired with gold and diamonds. In 1835, a malachite boulder of the highest quality was discovered that would take 21 years to unearth and bring to the surface. Slabs from this 260-ton gem were used to adorn the interior of two Russian palaces; creating malachite pillars, columns and encased walls. This same boulder also supplied enough malachite to encase eight of the ten huge Corinthian columns that support a two-hundred foot tall gilded altar in St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia. Malachite is the essence of joy and is known as the "stone of transformation" because it helps reveal and heal emotional pain by absorbing the pain into itself. It is especially helpful in bringing ease during times of change and gives the insight needed for personal growth.

Moonstone: Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Moonstone helps with stress by calming the mind and soothing the spirit. It's so effective that gem therapists and ayurvedic doctors use a purified form of it (called godanti) to cure anxiety and strengthen the will. So, if you're feeling stressed and anxious like so many people I know, here's my prescription: put on your most beautiful moonstone jewelry, pour yourself a cup of tea (or a glass of your favorite wine), kick off your shoes and put up your feet. If you don't own any moonstone jewelry, create some!

Onyx: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
The name "onyx" comes from the Greek for "fingernail," referring to the translucence of the white-colored layer of the multi-layered stone. According to myth, Cupid trimmed the nails of the sleeping Venus. The Fates turned those clippings into stone to prevent even a part of Venus from dying. The Romans were expert at glyptography (the carving of layered stones to reveal different colors) and crafted beautiful seals from onyx (white layer over black base) and sardonyx (white layer over reddish-brown base). The patterns were cut in negative relief. Engravings with a negative picture are called intaglios and those with raised image are cameos. In the Middle East, onyx was associated with sorcerers. Black has been associated with regeneration and new beginnings. Black onyx is thought by some to have protective qualities, making it advantageous to carry when one is traveling. It is said to be useful in fighting basic fears and in helping to create the opportunity to move beyond bad relationships--and to heal old emotional wounds. The Romans associated it with courage and it is thought to be useful when one is defending him/herself against unfair criticism.

Peridot: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Shimmering, pale green peridot is as refreshing as a sparkling mountain stream. The popularity of this most beloved gemstone of the olivine group reaches back to the Middle Ages when it was brought to Europe by the crusaders. During the Italian Renaissance and the baroque period, the most creative periods in history, it appeared everywhere in jewelry and religious objects all over Europe. Jewelers and jewelry lovers long lasting love affair with this exquisite, lime-green gemstone is understandable. It adds a stunning, classic look wherever it appears-in beads (in a variety of shapes), cabochons or faceted forms. For a piece of jewelry that is pure ecstasy, put peridot with amethyst. Their pure, translucent colors are like a duet that sings of a beauty so constant and delicate only these two classic gemstones together can express it. What I love most about this stone is its association with humor, especially in dark situations. Peridot has been used traditionally to heal bruised egos, lessen anger, and prevent jealousy. I wear it whenever I've been hurt or am feeling angry. A friend of mine, a clear, green-eyed woman with a great sense of humor, wears it to calm jealousy. (If you saw the way other women look at her gorgeous husband, you'd understand why she needs it.) Whenever you're feeling uncertain or bad about yourself, whatever the reason, wear peridot. Put it in a bracelet where you can see it. Then watch how its shimmering light helps break up those dark clouds around you.

Rose quartz: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Rose quartz came to be known as the stone of love and reconciliation from the Greek myth about Aphrodite and Adonis. Their blood was commingled when Aphrodite was cut by a thorn bush while saving Adonis from an attack by Ares (disguised as a wild boar). Their blood stained white quartz to make it a rose-pink color. Later, it became customary for the Romans to use the stone as a gift of love. Rose quartz is associated with love, the heart and beauty, and is thought to be a healing aid for the heart chakra. Imbalances of this chakra have been said to cause colds, allergies and psychosomatic illnesses. When in balance, the heart chakra is thought to make one open to love and compassion. Some believe that rose quartz has calming effects and helps people develop strong friendships.

Ruby: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
The queen of gems, deep red ruby is the rarest and most valuable of gemstones. Rubies have been so loved by royalty, they have always included them in their insignias and famous jewelry, but rubies actually have humble beginnings. Most deposits are still worked in the primitive way they've been worked for centuries. They are panned from rivers and picked out by hand from the other minerals around them. Their beauty is only skin deep. In their natural rough form, they are dull greasy-looking stones. But cut and polished, their high luster is dazzling (comparable to diamonds), and their rich red color is pleochroic. (Pleochroic is color that varies when you view it from different directions.) The ruby beads in Fire Mountain Gems' hand-faceted strands are pale shimmering red on the outside edge deepening to a vibrant deep red at their center. In cabochons and faceted stones, those rich red colors shimmer in all directions. Expect a hush to spread through the room when you wear this gemstone of quintessential beauty. Ruby, queen of gems, thou art still fairest of all the fair gemstones. Ruby's great spiritual value is like her beauty. It runs deep. It sits at the core of her being. Think of a woman who holds her head high. A talented woman who knows that she is capable of meeting every challenge. She knows who she is. She knows where she is going. She embraces life confidently-accepting each day and everything that comes with it. Her success is assured. Her acceptance of that success is always deeply and beautifully gracious. That's the gracious gift of confident self-esteem ruby offers all of us.

Sapphire: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Since medieval times, sapphire has been associated with the majesty and tranquility of the heavens. It was thought to dispel evil thoughts and to bring peace and amiability to its wearer. The stone is associated with Abraham in the Judeo-Christian tradition. The name sapphire comes from the Greek (for blue), and as late as the Middle Ages, the word applied to lapis lazuli. Sapphires and rubies are closely related, having corundum as their base mineral. The iron pigment in the corundum makes sapphire blue, while the chrome element in rubies makes them red. Corundum gemstones are the second hardest of the most precious of gemstones (diamond, sapphire, ruby, and emerald). Sapphire actually has a range of colors, from blue to yellow to green to orange-pink. From Antiquity, gemstones have been thought to possess mysterious powers. Sapphire is said to enhance creativity and to focus purity of thought. It is known as the stone of new love and commitment and is claimed to be useful in encouraging faithfulness and loyalty. Because of its blue color, it is associated with the throat and brow chakras - where energy imbalances are said to cause sore throats, headaches and nightmares.

Tourmaline: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Each variety of tourmaline has a different mineral name depending on its color. Pink or red tourmaline is called rubellite, blue tourmaline is called indocolite, brown tourmaline is called dravite, colorless tourmaline is called achroite, black tourmaline is called schorl and green tourmaline is called verdelite. Contrary to what these names imply, uni-color examples of this stone are rare. Most tourmalines have varying shades within the stone and some have distinctly different colors within the same crystal, such as the dramatic mix of watermelon tourmaline with its green rim and pink center. Ruby red tourmaline (rubellite) is the most highly valued of all varieties of tourmaline and is found in Russia, East Africa, Madagascar and Brazil. Black tourmaline (schorl) is fairly common and, therefore, less expensive. Most varieties of tourmaline come from Russia, Brazil, Africa and Sri Lanka. There are many varieties of tourmaline, and each variety has its own distinctive healing properties associated with it. Watermelon tourmaline with its contrasting pink and green banding represents opposites and is said to have a calming effect during emotional upheavals or when there are conflicts between people of different temperaments. Pink tourmaline is believed to help open the heart chakra and facilitate compassion. Black and green tourmaline have been used for acquiring inspiration, diminishing fear, encouraging understanding and promoting self-confidence.

Turquoise: History/Background/Metaphysical/Healing Properties
Turquoise, a stone ranging in color from blue to green to yellow, is filled with wonderful patterns of brown and black matrix that are composed mainly of copper deposits. Although turquoise has captivated man's imagination for centuries, no one is sure exactly when it was discovered. Prehistoric people used and prized it for its blue-green colors because carved pieces have been found in burial and archeological sites spanning the globe. Turquoise has a waxy luster. It is typically blue-green with brown/black veins of matrix running through it. Some turquoise is dyed to give it an evenly vivid color. Most turquoise is stabilized to improve overall strength and polish. It is mined across the globe, and each location yields specific stone colors and characteristics ranging from the bright sky blue-matrix free Sleeping Beauty turquoise from Arizona to the rough, organic yellow colors and heavy matrix mined from Africa. Chalk turquoise is a form of natural turquoise that has a white chalk-like consistency. It has the same chemical composition as turquoise, only without the copper (it's the copper that causes the blue turquoise color). It is dyed pleasing colors and stabilized to produce beads that are hard enough to use in jewelry. Turquoise is one of the official birthstones for the month of December, and is heralded as the stone of communication. It encourages enthusiasm, thus inspiring new projects and bringing to light undiscovered artistic abilities. Turquoise also provides understanding and encourages attention to detail while attracting prosperity and success. The sprawling lines of coppery matrix provide a large amount of energy to its wearer. This may be one reason why the stone has long been prized as a powerful talisman with healing properties. It is believed that turquoise can help balance the blue throat chakra, enhancing the ability to communicate while increasing resistance to viruses, helping to relieve sore throats and allergies.



 
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